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Bojná

erb_bojna.pngBojná - Unique to Central Europe

Bojná can be proud of its rich history, evidence of which includes finds from the early Stone Age (Neolithic Period). A wide range of people called this area home including the Celts, the Dacians, the Marcomanni and the Quadi. The most significant of which were the early Slavs, who first came and settled the area around Bojná during the time of Great Moravia. This phase of the town's history is associated with the construction of large agricultural settlements and defensive hill forts which were an important defensive point along the routes from the Ponitria region towards Považie.

After the fall of Great Moravia and the incorporation of modern-day Slovakia into Royal Hungary, Bojná also became royal property. It was mentioned for the first time in writing in 1249 under the name Bayna and was among the largest settlements in central Ponitria in 1598. Bojná at this time was primarily known for its market, fairs, burgeoning arts and viniculture.

Currently the town is known for its active archaeological research, which is responsible for the discovery for a number of important treasures which have provided a whole new dimension to the understanding of Slovakia's history in the early Middle Ages.

Power Centre of Great Moravia

The first archaeological research of the site dates back to 1905 but Bojná's most important and valuable finds would remain hidden from public view for another hundred years. The archaeological research conducted by the Archaeological Institute at the Slovak Academy of Sciences based in Nitra has been responsible for their progressive discovery since 2007. This research has managed to uncover a total of three archaeological sites inside the Valy Fort area known as Bojná I, Bojná II, in the valley of the Bojnianka Brook, and Bojná III hill forts, located near Žihľavník Mountain. These three hill fort structures form a defensive system of ramparts important for guarding the routes from Ponitria to Považie and also provide a vantage point over important trade routes passing through the Považský Inovec mountain range.

The most important archaeological site is the 12-hectare upland Valy Fort, the discovery site of a huge cache of artefacts confirming the importance of the site at the time of the Principality of Nitra. In contemporary times the hill fort site is open to visitors and features a reconstruction of the ramparts and a model reconstruction of a typical Slavic settlement site (an earthen house) standing on the site of the original discovery. The earthen structure is embedded into the ground with an entrance through a door that opens using a replica of an original key found at the side. Inside, the structure features a replica stone stove used in the past as the only source of heat. Research underway in Bojná has recently debunked the hypothesis that Nitra was the only major centre of trade and power in the Principality of Nitra or even Great Moravia in Slovakia.

First Evidence of Written Language among Central European Slavs

The most important finds from the Valy Fort and other local archaeological sites are on display at the Great Moravia Archaeological Museum in Bojná located in the centre of town in the building home to the local town offices. The museum has a few hundred artefacts on display for guests, with early Christian items predominant among them and dating back to the beginning of the 9th century proving the presence and expansion of Christianity on these lands before the arrival of St. Constantine (Cyril) and St. Methodius to Great Moravia.

Specific among them are a set of six gold-leaf relief plaques from a portable altar. Short texts are also embossed in the plaques, making them among the first evidence of the use of letters and indeed writing among central European Slavs. The plaques are joined by a unique bell with an iron ringer discovered in 1997 by J. Jánošík in the base layer of the northwest rampart of the hill fort. This bell is a unique find anywhere in central Europe and matches the type of the oldest preserved Christian bronze bell discovered in the Italian town of Canine.

Don't Forget to Visit

When visiting Bojná don't leave out the Classical All Saints' Church dating to 1788 which houses a Classical altar from the 17th century with an image depicting all the saints and statues of St. Clara, St. Barbora, St. John of Nepomuk and St. Theresa. In addition to sacral sites, Bojná also offers visitors a rich and diverse range of folklore and culture. Such traditional events include a Mardi Gras parade through town, the "burial of the bass" to mark the end of Mardi Gras and the popular Festival of Sacral Choirs known as the Bojná Bells.

Hiking and cycling lovers will also enjoy a visit to the Great Moravia hill fort at Valy, the nearby Rotunda of St. George in Nitrianska Blatnica, the Dastin mineral spring in Nova Lehota or hiking to Bezovec, Mačacia Skalka or Marhát, which provide tremendous views of the Tríbeč Mountains and the dense forests of the Považský Inovec, Vtáčnik and White Carpathians. Another interesting attraction is the 60 km long educational trail through the Považský Inovec, starting in Šalgovce and continuing through the range to the town of Nemečky, where it ends.

Visitors can stay at the Ranch pod Babicou guesthouse; more information on the town and its immediate vicinity is available at the Great Moravia Archaeological Museum in Bojná.

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Great Moravia Archaeological Museum
Monday-Sunday: 10 AM - 4 PM

Contact: muzeum@bojna.sk


Tel.: 0903 211 785
The museum may be visited outside of posted hours for an added fee.

 

Bojná

Bojná 201

956 01 Bojná

Tel: 038/5364012

e-mail: ocu@bojna.sk

 

Official hours:

Monday

8 AM - 3:30 PM

Business Day

Tuesday

8 AM - 3:30 PM

 

Wednesday

8 AM - 5:30 PM

Business Day

Thursday

8 AM - 3:30 PM

 

Friday

8 AM - 12 Noon

Business Day